The River Maigue [locally pronounced Mag, I believe] flows through the picture-postcard village of Adare and, after many bends, joins the Shannon Estuary on its southern shore downstream (west) of Limerick. Some work to improve the river was undertaken as early as 1720 but it doesn’t ever seem to have been a very important navigation. The Directors-General of Inland Navigation did some work from 1815 onwards, installing an opening bridge on the coast road (now the N69) at Ferrybridge, between Clarina and Kildimo. The river never had any locks.
Here are some photos of Ferrybridge.
At Ferrybridge, a short canal led to a drawbridge, enabling sailing vessels to pass up or down the river without lowering their masts. The OSI 25″ map (~1900) shows the layout.
In 1837 the Shannon Commissioners recommended that only minor works were warranted as only turf boats used the river and there was a good road from Adare to Limerick. Then, after independence, the new state reviewed its inland waterways in 1923 and concluded (inter alia) that the Maigue’s drawbridge arch could be replaced by a fixed arch: it had not been opened for many years and anyway most boats were too wide for that arch and had to use one of the fixed arches (presumably the central one). (Info from Ruth Delany The Shannon Navigation The Lilliput Press Dublin 2008)
In 1925 one Seamus O Leadain asked the Minister for Industry and Commerce
… if he can state what steps are being taken to clear the bed of the River Maigue to enable vessels to navigate the river as far as Adare, and if he is aware that at the present time vessels are unable to proceed to Adare owing to the channel being silted up.
The Minister for Finance, Ernest Blythe, said that
The Maigue navigation from Adare to the River Shannon is in the charge of the Commissioners of Public Works. No representations have been made to those Commissioners recently as to the need for dredging; and no dredging has in fact ever been carried out by them in the river (which is tidal), except at Ferry Bridge, about 3½ miles from Adare. I understand that there has been practically no traffic on this navigation for many years past.
Perhaps the prospect of having to spend serious money on the Maigue prompted the Commissioners to advocate abandonment of the navigation in 1927 (see below).
The bridge has a pub at each end.
At least as far upstream as Adare, the Maigue is heavily embanked, with sluices here and there. The confluence with the Shannon is said to be tricky to navigate, with shifting sand banks. The 1840/1844 OS maps show osieries here and there along the river.
The next three photos show part of the embankment and the river below Adare, to give an idea of the scenery.
The stile shown earlier leads from the area of the trees on the left bank in the next photo. They mark the location of the quay.
Here’s a close-up.
And here’s a view from the downstream side.
The quay now serves as a small car-park, used inter alia by anglers heading down the embankment. It is a short walk from the centre of Adare.
Even when you’re standing on the quay, it’s hard to make out its former purpose …
Looking down from the top of the quay wall
… although the bollards are a bit of a give-away. The white circle in the foreground is the top of one bollard and there’s another to the right of the furthermost car.
Here are some other artefacts.
But the really interesting thing about this quay is that it is not shown on the Ordnance Survey map (surveyed in 1840, published in 1844), although a small quay [Mack’s Quay, according to the second set of Shannon Commissioners] is shown a little way downstream and on the far side of the river. Nor is this quay shown on the Griffiths Valuation map published between 1847 and 1864, although a possible reason for the existence of the quay is shown by Griffith (available free on Ask about Ireland).
The early maps show that the harbour for Adare was not on the river itself: it was at the end of a short canal that started a little way upstream from the quay and that ended near the ruins of the Trinitarian Abbey. You can see it on the ~1840 OSI map (Historic 6″).
It seems that the harbour was around here ….
So why was that harbour replaced by the new small quay? One of the earlier photographs gave a clue:
The bottom of that photograph shows the parapet of this bridge:
The line from Limerick to Foynes was built (per Wikipedia) between 1856 and 1858. It had a picturesque station in Adare.
Unfortunately the bridge crossed the Maigue at a low level downstream of the entrance to the old canal. I suspect that very few boats could have got under the bridge; perhaps the railway company had to build the new quay in compensation. I have so far found no information about its construction, so I would welcome information (use the Comments facility).
You can still see the line of the canal on the ~1900 map (Historic 25″) and the modern maps (where it has become a road), with the newfangled railway cutting across the river below the mouth of the canal, depriving turf boats of access to the canal harbour.
The railway bridge from upstream
The navigation authority
I thought for some time that the Maigue navigation might still be open and that the Office of Public Works might still be responsible for it. That was because I hadn’t been able to find evidence of official abandonment of the navigation and, when I asked the OPW, it couldn’t find it either.
However, the learned Mike Clarke had actually given me the answer, amongst much other material from the National Archives. File 2003/5/114 covers the abandonment, between 1929 and 1933, of the Maigue, the Boyne Navigation, the Louth Canal [?] and the Broadstone Branch of the Royal Canal.
On 6 April 1927 the Commissioners of Public Works applied to the Minister for Industry and Commerce, under the Railway and Canal Traffic Act 1888, for a warrant of authority to abandon the Maigue because “such navigation is unnecessary for the purposes of public navigation”.
The material I have includes a draft, but does not include a dated and signed, version of the warrant. I cannot therefore be certain, at the moment, that the warrant was granted and the navigation abandoned, but it seems likely that that happened in the late 1920s.